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~*~ Sir Arthur Currie ~*~
~*~World War 1 Summary~*~


Promotion:  Sir Arthur Currie was promoted to be in charge of the 1st Division in the fall of 1915.  He turned down the promotion of the Ministers son as commander of the 1st Infantry Brigade.  
They did feel toward another a strong feeling of hate, because they were good friends.
Sir Arthur Currie did not think that Garnet Hughes was fit to be in control of the Brigade, and he did not want Garnet Hughes in his Division. 
     His popularity with the minister did not improve because the minister wanted his son to get the promotion anyway.

      Doing Battle:  Sir Arthur Currie did not like the British Higher commander, General Gough during his 18 month as corps commander.  (A group of
army troops, a type of division.)  Currie refused to serve under the British Commander.  Currie protested against the Passchendale Action , only agreeing to take part with all of his troops or none at all.  He then
choose his own date of attack, requesting time so he can repair back areas (medical areas where wounded troops are taken) and bring up supplies. 
    Sir Arthur Currie did not want to be hurried because he said that many details were the difference between defeat and victory.
     Attacking the Enemy:  In August 1918 Sir Arthur Currie was a strong force behind the attack at Amiens (France) and the decision to move to Aras (a river
that borders Armenia and Azerbaijan in Europe.) when the Germen defences were growing week.  When he was at the Canal du Nord, he did not proceed with
suicidal frontal attacks.  Instead his difference plan showed great skill and courage that could not measure up to the other general, and saved the corps from being destroyed. 

     Using the Canadian Corps:  In March 1918, during a 36 month absence, the Canadian Corps (a group in the army that he was with) got separated and were sent into separate lines.  
   When Sir Arthur Currie came back to stopped their commitment with the Sausage Machine of the German Advance with the same funny lack of endurence
that the British troops were going through.  Sir Arthurs help on their return to his command, Haigs anger, but his Motor Machine Gun Brigade, went in cool,
hard, and was made to act by itself. 
   The Canadian Corps involment was very prious for all of their fire-power, and for the leadership they gave to unorganized groups of soldiers that were found with out leaders by their headquarters.

     Dealing with Supriors:  Currie, as a Canadian could do what neither Alderson, nor Byng British Regulars could do, argue against assignments General Seely, said that Sir Arthur Currie refused to let his men be part of unimportant suicidal attacks.  Therefore he created different plans which the Higher Command accepted and later used.  Sir Arthur did refused to the anger resentmant, of sir Douglas Haig, to allow the Corps to be broken up and mixed with the British.
 Sir Arthur did know that the strength of the Corps law within their unified action.  If the Corps were split up than they wouldnt of done as well.  Also Sir Arthur did not like the Commanders.
  Only if it was an emergency, would Currie allow the employment of his Corps elsewhere. 
Compliments to Sir Arthur Currie:  I believe that he is the ablest Corps Commander in the British Army; more than that, I believe that he is at least as capable as any army commander in France.

                                                           Sir Robert Borden


Sir Arthur Curries return home:  August 1919 When Sir Arthur came back to Halifax, he was known as a world famous general.  They did not have a big party for him. He came to the City Hall and was met by a guard of honour, head officials, (who took sir Arthur in silence), groups of people, and the garrison band.

     After Sir Arthur nodded to the guard, he continued to the Council Chamber where he was greeted by the Lieutenant Governor and the Mayor. Upon his arrival, the Lieutenant Governor and the Mayor gave him a welcoming speech; a piece of silver plate, and Lady Currie was presented with flowers.


Honours and Awards


June 1917: Knighted by King George the V in France


July 1915:  Announced a hero in London Commander of the Bath, England Legion of Honour, France


July 1917:  knight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George, England


November 1917:  Croix de Geurre, France Grand Officer of the Order of Couronne, Belgiul Distinguished Service Medal, Untied States


December 1917:  Croix de Guerre, Belgium


January 1918:  Knight Commander of the Bath, England


January 1919:  Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St, Michael and St. George, England


May 1919:  Guest of Honour, Lord Mayor of Longdon


July 1919:  Honourary degree, Cambridge University


August 1919:  Private Luncheon with the King and Queen at Buckingham Palace